In the CNV framework, NGOs plays a major role. While it monitors and implements the activites, docuementaion, training etc.. it also acts as a link between the villages and the donors.
SAMUHA is a development organization that works primarily in the South Indian state of Karnataka. SAMUHA's Goal is to improve the Quality of Life of Vulnerable People within defined periods of time.
From a small, integrated rural development project, SAMUHA has grown to develop core competencies in the following areas:
1. Formal and informal institutions of, and groups committed to working with vulnerable people.
a. SAMUHA has promoted 6 CBOs and 5 development organisations to-date.
2. Integrated Village Development
a. SAMUHA presently works with 51 Siddi communities in Uttara Kannada. Siddis trace their descent to slaves brought in by the Portuguese into Goa from Ethiopia or Abyssinia.
3. Community-based Rehabilitation of People with Disabilitiesa. SAMUHA's disability resource group is known as SAMARTHYA / Potential. b. It runs 2 assessment and follow-up clinics and 3 orthotic workshops. Two of these undertake prosthetics, including the Jaipur Foot, while one undertakes ear moulds and hearing aids maintenance.c. Its services cover all disabilities with small specialised units that cater to the orthopaedically disabled, spinal chord-injured, hearing impaired, mentally challenged and the mentally ill. d. SAMARTHYA also provides horticultural training for PWDs. In addition its runs a residential tailoring class for women who learn a skill and leave as self-confident young women.
4. 0-Pesticide Sustainable Agriculturea. SAMUHA is a founder-member of a national network that promotes NPM (non-Pesticide Management) cropping. It focuses on NPM Paddy. Its integrated crop management system built around its NPM practices has helped farmers to save over Rs 4000 per acre from their cost of cultivation, and another Rs 3000 per acre from farmgate procurement.
5. CDM cookstoves
a. SAMUHA is central to three CDM cookstoves projects: two are registered by UNFCCC, while the third is the accompanying CPA for the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy's Cookstove POA. This is just undergoing validation.
b. The first CDM cookstove project - JSMBT - has just signed an ERPA - Emissions Reduction Purchase Agreement, at € 9.51/CER - with a Dutch Social Carbon Fund - Fair Climate Fund. The two registered cookstove project cover 21,500 households each, while the third covers 19,500 households.
6. Micro Credita. SAMUHA is still trying to overcome the effects of the MFI crisis in AP. It rode through the crisis when banks refused to advance any more loans for on-lending by shifting to SHG Bank Linkages that are serviced by JanaraHana / People's Money, its rural credit resource group.
7. Access to Public Resources
a. SAMUHA undertakes a small initiative to help farmers and labourers in 9 pre-dominantly dry Gram Panchayats in the Deodurg taluk to access NREGA (National Rural Employment Guarantee Act) resources to green the environment through Trench-cum-Bunds, farm ponds, desilting of lakes and tree plantation. It is able to source over a Crore of resources annually under this legal entitlement to make the drylands, especially of small and marginal farmers less vulnerable to Climate Change.
Laya is a Resource Center for Adivasis. Laya’s operational area Adivasi communities are increasingly marginalized in spite of inhabiting resource rich areas and are constantly threatened by commercial interests interfering with their habitats. The involvement of the market and the government as external agents of development are impacting their culture of survival. This is evident in the gradual erosion of their shifting patterns of livelihood practices as well as their community oriented value systems. Laya in its work with adivasi communities is into its 20th year. Laya has been through several stages of successes and experienced many obstacles in addressing their core concerns. It is not easy to pin point what has been the efficacy of this involvement through the years simply because the outcome of every intervention, positive or negative has led to new insights towards shaping the road ahead.
Tata Chemicals Society for Rural Development(TCSRD)
Tata Chemicals Society for Rural Development (TCSRD) philosophy is deeply rooted in the principles of sustainability. It recognizes that sustainability encompasses environmental stewardship, adding economic value, promoting human rights and building social capital. TCSRD sustainability efforts are augmented by its social development interventions which are being carried out by TCSRD, in and around Mithapur in Gujarat; Babrala in UP and Haldia in West Bengal For the past three decades,
TCSRD has consistently demonstrated its concern for its communities (both internal and external) and a respect for its environment and the local ecology. TCSRD, through its focused interventions and participatory approach ensures that the community members become the real managers and owners and work towards their own development and that of the society at large. To assess the impact of their community development interventions, TCSRD every year does the community satisfaction survey. This helps TCSRD to build a stronger foundation for an inclusive society.